Inventory and identification of identity scenarios in Europe (WP2)

This work package has now ended. The main objective of the WP was to provide a general view of what has to be done in Europe for the provision of identification to citizens to be more robust. Three deliverables were issued:

  • A first deliverable provides information about Primary and Secondary ID across eight countries in Europe (Belgium, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Netherlands, Spain and the UK). Information on how enrollment, renewal, revocation and so on is included, as well as information on physical countermeasures. The document also introduces a taxonomy of ID theft.
  • A second deliverable studies technical, social and legal aspects. This deliverable shows the difficulty of achieving a balance between these three aspects, as in some cases, technical and social constraints do not align. The deliverable also studies eIDAS regulation. It focuses on Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK. These countries are representative of different situations:  no ID; paper-based ID; and eID schemes with more or less deployment.
  • A third deliverable proposes different strategies for an interoperable scheme for IDs across Europe. Gaps both in the physical and the cyber-world are studied. Different proposals, such as the recommendations made by STORK and STORK 2.0 projects, are examined. The deliverable also examines risks and vulnerabilities of an interoperable scheme.


D2.1 – Draft inventory of citizen ID processes and constraints in the EU:


D2.2 – Inventory and description of citizen ID processes in the EU:


D2.3 – Analysis of the constraints in identifying citizens in the EU:


D2.4 – Report on strategies to unify citizen ID processes in the EU: